Ghana recorded 2million tonnes emissions reductions per annum from 2011 to 2017 through the implementation of its national mitigation policies and its committed to unconditional reduction of emission by 15% below Business As Usual (BUA) emissions of 74million tonnes by 2030.
This was contained in Ghana’s 2nd Biennial Update Report (BUR) presented by Mr John A. Pwamang, the Acting Executive Director of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during the 8th Workshop of Facilitative Sharing of Views at the ongoing climate conference in Spain.
The report, however, indicated that Green House Gas (GHG) emission have increased by 7.1% since 2012.
According to Mr Pwamang, rising population and urbanization, carbon-intensive economic growth and diversification, deforestation, road transportation, thermal electricity generation and solid waste disposal are key drivers of Ghana Green Gas emission trends.
He said in order to reverse these trends, Ghana has embedded her Climate Agenda for 2030 (Nationally Determined Contributions) into Ghana’s National Medium Term Development Plan 2017-2021.
“Additionally, Ghana has set aside 20 mitigation actions, 20 unconditional mitigation actions in forest plantation and fossil-fuel thermal power plants and 18 conditional mitigation action in forestry, energy, waste, transport and industry to achieve its emission goals,” the report said.
The report further revealed that clean cooking reduced Natural Gas flaring and reductions from electricity generation were the highest contributors to emission savings which resulted into a cumulative total of 13.7million from 2011 to 2017.
Briefing the workshop on enhancing inter-sectoral and Development Partner Coordination, Mr Peter Dery, Ag. Director for Environment at MESTI stated that Ghana has over the years improved on coordination through inter-sectoral committees and working groups.
He said the Ministry of Finance has developed a tracking tool to track all financial inflows from Developments Partners to MDAs. This he said will soon be extended to cover Civil Society and the Private Sector.
Opening the workshop, the Executive secretary of UNFCCC Christian Patricia Espinosa, called for an increase in ambition to enable Parties to meet the global target of reducing global warming to 2degrees against pre-industrial level and the sustainable Development Goals.