INTERNATIONAL PROTOCOLS, CONVENTIONS, TREATIES, AGREEMENTS
UN Convention to Combat Desertification
The objective of this Convention is to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa. Ghana signed on the 15th October, 1994 and Ratified on the 27th December, 1996
Convention of Biological Diversity
The objective of this Convention is the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. Ghana signed on the 12th June, 1992 and Ratified on the 29th August,1994.
The objective of this Convention is to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds. Ghana Signed in 2014 and Ratified in October, 2016.
UN Framework and Convention on Climate Change
The objective of this Convention is to reduce Green House Gas Emissions (GHG) to below 2 degrees as a global response to the climate change problem. Ghana Signed on the 12th June,1992 and Ratified on the 6th September, 1995.
Chemical and Biological weapons Convention
The objective of this Convention is the prohibition of the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. Ghana Signed the Convention on 14th January, 1993 and Ratified on 9th September, 1997.
The Rotterdam Convention on Hazardous Chemicals
The objective of this Convention is to prevent the movement and dumping of hazardous chemicals. Ghana signed the Convention on 13th October, 1998 and Ratified on 30th May, 2003
The objective of this Convention isThe protection of the ozone layer and prohibition of ozone depleting substances. Ghana signed the Convention on the 1st January, 1989 and ratified on 14th September, 1992.
The Cartagena (Bio-safety) Protocol
The objective of this Convention is to operationalize the convention on biological diversity and to also regulate biotechnology and its adverse effects. Ghana ratified the Convention on 9th September, 2001.
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
The objective of this Convention is to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Ghana signed the Convention on 23rd May, 2001 and ratified on the 30th May, 2003.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The objective of this Convention is for the protection of wetlands, natural or artificial. Ghana ratified the Convention on 25th May, 2001.
Paris Climate Agreement
The objective of this Convention is to put the world on track to avoid negative impacts of Climate Change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C and to provide for building resilience. Ghana signed the Convention on 22nd April, 2016 and ratified on 4th August, 2016.
PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS
Sustainable Land & water Management Project (SLWMP)
In order the reverse the current trend of drought in the savanna ecological zone, the Ministry with support of Development partners especially the World Bank is supporting rural communities in efficient use of land and water resources aimed at reducing land degradation and enhancing maintenance of biodiversity for productive purposes. One of the objectives of the project is to build the capacity of institutions and to strengthen the management of initiatives related to desertification. Out of this project, a Spatial Development Framework for the Northern Savannah Zone has been developed, a total of 116 community watershed plans have been developed for implementation, over 9000 farmers have been supported with inputs for them to implement SLWM practices and Additional financing has been approved from the GEF/WB for phase II extending the project completion date to 2020
Ghana-Norwegian Oil & Gas Project phase 2
To ensure sustainable management of the oil and gas sector, the Governments of Ghana and Norway signed a five (5)-year bilateral Agreement under the Oil for Development (OfD) programme with a funding support (grant). The programme is aimed at ensuring that energy is produced and utilized in an environmentally sound manner and that Ghana’s oil and gas resource endowment is managed to ensure the sustainability of the reserves and of the environment. A number of regulations have been developed in line with the objectives of the programme and capacities of key stakeholder institutions have been built to support the sustainable management of the sector.
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and Strengthening of the Clearing House Mechanisms
The Ministry with funding from the Government of Germany is working with nine (9) other West African Countries to bridge the knowledge gap in Climate Change for the Sub-Region. A funding grant of €50m has been voted for the 10 countries over a period of 6 years (2010-2016) Additional €50m has been approved for another 5 years for the Ten countries. Through this process West Africa Science Centre for Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL) was established as Centre of Excellence for research institution with focus on state of the art Climate Service designed to help tackle the challenge posed by Climate change. The headquarters of the Research institution is located in Accra with satellite campuses across the ten (10) WA Countries. WASCAL has undertaken a number of capacity building programmes for graduate studies and in-house training programmes within West Africa with Ghanaian students benefiting by pursuing graduate studies programme. Thirty Three (33) Ghanaians have benefited from WASCAL’s Graduate Schools across West Africa. Twenty One (21) PhDs and Twelve (12) Masters. WASCAL also has an In-service programme that train Public sector workers, Policy makers and NGOs in Ghana and across West Africa on Climate Change Adaptation and mitigation issues. Training has been scheduled for Ghana’s Members of Parliament in early 2017 Over the next ten years, about Eighty Three (83) PhDs and Masters Students are expected to be trained in the WASCAL Lead Universities for Ghana alone.
Adaptation Fund Project
Green Climate Fund Readiness Programme
Low Emission Capacity Building Project